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Latvia Geography


Latvia is located in northeastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Russia. Comparatively, Latvia is slightly larger than the state of West Virginia, with a total area of 64,589 sq km (24,938 sq mi), a size surpassing that of better-known European states such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Denmark. Latvia shares boundaries with Estonia on the north, Russia on the east, Belarus on the south, Lithuania on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea on the west. Latvia's land boundary length totals 1,150 km (713 mi). Its coastline is 531 km (330 mi). Latvia's capital city, Riga, is located near the southern edge of the Gulf of Riga.

The topography of Latvia consists mainly of a lowland plain with a few areas of uplands consisting of moderate-sized hills; it consists of fertile, low-lying plains, largely covered by forest, mostly pines, the highest point being the Gaiziņkalns at 311.6 m (1,022 ft). The major rivers include the Daugava River, the Lielupe, the Gauja, the Venta, and the Salaca. An inlet of the Baltic Sea, the shallow Gulf of Riga is situated in the northwest of the country.

The country's climate is influenced by geographical location and by its closeness to the North Atlantic Ocean. The average temperature in July is between 16.8°C and 17.6°C (62-64°F). In January the average temperature ranges between -2.8°C and 6.6°C (31-44°F). The rainfall in the country is between 56-79 cm (22-31 in).


Location :
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania

Geographic coordinates :
57 00 N, 25 00 E

Map references :

Area :
total: 64,589 sq km
land: 62,249 sq km
water: 2,340 sq km

Area - comparative :
slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries :
total: 1,382 km
border countries: Belarus 171 km, Estonia 343 km, Lithuania 576 km, Russia 292 km

Coastline :
498 km

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